The Zimbabwe Olympic Committee (ZOC) is an umbrella sports organisation whose main objective is to develop and protect the Olympic Movement in Zimbabwe in accordance with the Olympic Charter. ZOC has 30 National Sports Associations affiliated to it on a voluntary basis. It is governed by a constitution and the General Assembly which meets annually and is the highest decision making organisation of ZOC.
In between General Assemblies, the Executive Board takes charge of ZOC business. The Board is elected every four years in the year following the Olympic Games. However, the constitution has a provision for co-option of Board Members to address anomalies in representation. The Commissions are appointed by the Board to ensure effective discharge of the Board’s responsibilities and there are currently 11 Commissions are in place and functioning effectively.
ZOC also has a Secretariat of six full-time staff members headed by the Chief Executive Officer/Secretary General, but like many other sporting organizations in Zimbabwe, benefits considerably from the involvement of volunteers.
FUNCTIONS AND DUTIES OF ZOC
|LEADERSHIP||“To promote the fundamental principles and values of Olympism”|
|DEVELOPMENT||“To encourage the development of high performance sport as well as sport for all”|
|CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT||“To help in the training of sports administrators, coaches and technical officials”|
|REPRESENTATION||“To represent Zimbabwe at the Olympic Games and at the regional and continental or world multi-sports competitions patronized by the IOC”|
|DISCIPLINARY||“To take any action against any form of discrimination and violence in sport”|
|REGULATORY||“To ensure the observance of the Olympic Charter”|
|“To adopt and implement the World Anti-Doping Code”|
|“To preserve its autonomy as defined in the Olympic Charter.|
|“To protect the Olympic Symbols in Zimbabwe from commercial and any other abuse”|
|PARTNERSHIP||“To cooperate with and achieve harmonious relations with government bodies in order to achieve its mission”|
|FACILITATION||“To select and designate the city which may apply to organize Olympic Games in Zimbabwe”|
The Olympic Movement
The Olympic Movement includes the International Olympic Committee (IOC), the Organizing Committees of the Olympic Games (OCOGs), the National Olympic Committees (NOCs), the International Federations (IFs), the national associations, clubs and of course the athletes, officials, spectators and all who subscribe to the ideals of Olympism.
The Olympic symbols are:
• The rings – blue, yellow, red, black and green interlaced from left to right symbolize the union of the 5 continents and the meeting of athletes from all over the world at the games
• The flag
• The motto – “Citius. Altius. Fortius “ inviting all athletes to excel in accordance with the Olympic spirit – Higher Stronger Faster
• The Anthem
• The Olympic Torch and Flame – kindled in Olympia
Olympic Movement Activities
Co-operation with public and private organizations to place sport at the service of mankind
Assistance to develop “Sport for All”
Advancement of women in sport at all levels and in all structures
The fight against doping
Promoting sport ethics and fair play
Raising awareness of environmental problems
Financial and educational support for developing countries through Olympic Solidarity
Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS)
International Committee for Fair Play (CIFP)
International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)
World Olympians Association (WOA)
Marketing & Revenue
The Olympic marketing programme has become the driving force behind the promotion, the financial security and stability of the Olympic Movement. Revenue is generated from television broadcast partnership, corporate partnership, Olympic games ticketing and Olympic licensing.
The Olympic Movement receives most of its funding from the Olympic games rights bought by broadcast networks. It also benefits from the Olympic Partners worldwide sponsorship programme comprising the following multinational companies:
- The Coca Cola Company
- John Hancock
- Matsushita Electrical Industrial Co
- Atos Origin IT Services Co
- Sports Illustrated
Olympic Revenue Distribution
ZOC receives funds for training and development athletes, technical and administrative personnel, and sending teams to the Games and other high performance competitions, which are often considered as preparations for the Games (Olympics , All-Africa Games, etc.)
Depending on the courses applied for, which are subject to approval, ZOC can receive anything up to US$200 000.00 in grants in a year. Olympic Solidarity is the development branch of the IOC, which administers a share of the broadcast revenue, redistributing it to the NOCs in order to help them develop sports in their respective countries.